First mention of Athos as a monastic retreat by the historian Genesios.
First stay on Athos of St. Euthymios the New.
Publication of a sigillion by the Emperor Basil I, referring to the monks of Athos. It is the oldest document concerning Athos kept in the Athonite archives.
St. Vlasios and his disciples settle on the Mountain.
Mention of the hesychast Andreas, the first known Protos of Mount Athos.
Definitive demarcation between the monastic lands of Athos and the lands of the inhabitants of Ierissos.
St. Athanasios arrives on Mount Athos.
St. Athanasios founds the monastery of Great Lavra.
Publication of the “tragos”, the first typikon, or charter, of Mount Athos, signed by the Emperor John Tsimiskis.
Foundation of the monastery of Iviron.
The miracle of the Axion Esti icon.
First mention of the monastery of Vatopediou.
Publication of the second typikon of Mount Athos.
Mount Athos falls under the jurisdiction of Bishop of Sebaste, after the sack of Constantinople by the Latins. The monks suffer terribly.
St. Gregory Palamas champions the monks of Athos against the charges of Barlaam at the synod of Aghia Sophia in Constantinople. During the synod, as confirmation of the monks’ orthodoxy the “Aghioritikos Tomos” is read.
Serbian rule on Mount Athos.
First period or Turkish rule on Mount Athos. Publication of a typikon-chrysobul for Agion Oros, signed by the Emperor Manuel II Paleologos.
Final submission of Mount Athos to the Turks.
Publication of Mount Athos typicon, ratified by the Ecumenical Patriarch Jeremiah II.
Kallistos is mentioned as Protos. After this year there is no further mention of an Athonite Protos and the institution essentially disappears.
Disposal of the cells of the “Great Middle” (Karyes) and their purchase by the monasteries.
Foundation of the Ahtonias school.
Publication of a typikon of Mount Athos signed by the Ecumenical Patriarch Gabriel IV. Introduction of the institution of the Holy Committee (Iera Epistasia).
Publication of the typikon of Mount Athos ratifies by the Turkish Authorities in Thessaloniki. It introduces the institution of Holy Community of twenty monasteries. On May 17, Emmanuel Papas declares revolution against the Turks from Karyes. 2000 Athonite monks take part.
Turkish troops occupy the Athonite monasteries.
Athonite property in Romania is seized by Prince Alexander John Couza.
The privileges of Mount Athos are confirmed internationally by the Treaty of Berlin (art. 62).
Publication of the “General Rules of Mount Athos”, ratified by the Ecumenical Patriarch Joakeim III.
On November 2nd, the Greek fleet liberates Agion Oros from the Turks.
On October 3rd, The Holy Community as the result of a vote proclaims Mount Athos as inseparable part of the Greek State and announces this at the Conference of London.
The catastrophic defeat of the Greek Army in Asia Minor. Mount Athos assists the state in the resettlement of the refugees, handing over about 250.000 acres of land.
Treaty of Lausanne, The sovereignty of Greece over Mount Athos is formally recognized.
The most recent Constitutional Charter of Agion Oros comes into force.
Celebration of the millennium of the founding of the Great Lavra.
Restoration of the coenobic rule at the Great Lavra.
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